“Asthma is one of the most common diseases in children living in the united States. Reducing exposure to environmental factors that can exacerbate asthma can help improve the quality of life for people with this condition.“ –Molly Kile

Homes in the US with an unventilated gas stove have a higher prevalence of childhood pneumonia and cough than homes where the gas stove has ventilation. Those that also use their gas stove for heat have a higher prevalence for pneumonia and coughing in children less than five. Download a short fact sheet here.

Related EHSC Research

Dr. Molly Kile’s research on understanding exposure to chemicals in our environment influences maternal and child health.

A recent collaboration with a PhD student in Environmental and Occupational Health, Eric Coker, was recently published.  Read the news article ("Its important to ventilate if you are cooking with gas") and the journal articles:

Facts

  • Chronic lung disease affects 7 million children (aged < 18 years). (Asthma Impact on the Nation)

  • Acute lower respiratory infections including bronchitis, influenza, and pneumonia are a leading cause for hospitalizations among children under five years of age. (ncbi)

  • Using gas stoves without ventilation increase the concentration of nitrogen dioxide and particle matter inside a home. (Baxter)

Common Questions and Resources

Why  should I ventilate my gas stove?

•Non-ventilated gas stoves increase risk for asthma, pneumonia, and coughing. (ncbi)

•Non-ventilated gas stoves can lead to mold growth, ruin insulation, and cause structural damage. (Home Ventilation Guide)

Who is most at risk?

•Children less than five years of age (Coker)

How can I ventilate my stove and home?

•Read about it here: Home Ventilation Guide from the U.S. Department of Energy on Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy 

What type of exhaust is my kitchen stove supposed to have? 

Kitchen exhaust can be in the form of a hood or down draft appliance and they are required to be vented to the exterior to remove moisture and other byproducts from the cooking process. Link to ORSC CH 15

My current exhaust does not meet requirements, and/or I do not have an exhaust system in my bathroom/kitchen. How do I replace it?

The installation of new or replacement exhaust fan or exhaust duct requires a permit for mechanical work. Electrical work may also require an electrical permit. Read more about the permit here.

 

 

 

 

Children running cdc

Image Source: http://www.cdc.gov/asthma/faqs.htm

 

CDC asthma map

Percent asthma severity among children with asthma Image source